Dr. Human Fatemi
Dr. Barbara Lawrenz
Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STD) can affect men and women of all ages and background. STD is a condition that involves the transmission of an organism that can be passed from one person to another through sexual intercourse. It can also be transmitted through contact with blood or fluids in an open wound or even passed from mother to her baby during delivery, through the placenta or breast milk feeding.
Unfortunately, in many sexual transmitted diseases the affected person has no symptoms at all. Even though it is asymptomatic (no symptoms), there is still a risk that the infection will cause damage to the fertility, and the health of the affected person, and of passing the infection along to the sex partners.
|Bacterial Vaginosis (BV)||
Bacterial vaginosis is a mild infection of the vagina caused by bacteria. Normally, there are a lot of "good" bacteria and some "bad" bacteria in the vagina. The good types help control the growth of the wrong types. In women with bacterial vaginosis, the balance is upset. There are not enough good bacteria and too many bad bacteria.Bacterial vaginosis is usually a mild problem that may go away on its own in a few days. But it can lead to more serious problems.
Caused by a bacterium called Chlamydia trachomatis.Chlamydia is one of the most common sexually transmitted diseases. This infection is easily spread because it often causes no symptoms and may be unknowingly passed to sexual partners. Around 70 – 80% of women and 50% of men have no symptoms. Women with symptoms may have:
It is a highly contagious viral condition caused by herpes simplex virus (HSV).
Is caused by Neisseria gonorrhea, abacterium that grows quickly in moist, warm areas of the body such as the cervix, urethra, mouth or rectum. The incubation period, the time from exposure to the bacteria until symptoms develop, is usually 2 to 5 days. But sometimes symptoms may not develop for up to 30 days.A pregnant woman can also pass it the baby during childbirth.
Men with symptoms may have:
Women with symptoms may have:
If untreated, it can lead to Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID) which cause problems regarding fertility and pregnancy.
Pubic lice are tiny parasitic insects that live in coarse body hair, such as pubic hair. They are yellow-grey and about 2mm long. They have a crab-like appearance, so they are known as crabs. The eggs appear as brownish dots fixed to coarse body hair. Pubic lice are different from the head lice that some people get on their scalp.
It can take several weeks after coming into contact with pubic lice before signs and symptoms appear. Signs and symptoms are the same for both men and women.
Hepatitis B is an infectious hepatitis caused by the hepatitis B virus (HBV). This infection has two possible phases: 1) acute and 2) chronic.Most infected adults can able to fight off the virus, so their infection is cured. A small percentage of adults infected with HBV go on to develop chronic infection.
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)attacks specific cells of the immune system, called CD4 cells, or T-cells. Over time, HIV can destroy so many of these cells that the body can’t fight off infections and disease. When this happens, HIV infection leads to AIDS (acquired immune deficiency syndrome). The virus is mostly spread through unprotected intercourse with an infected person; it may also spread by sharing drug needles or through contact with the blood of an infected person. Women can pass it their babies during pregnancy or childbirth.
Symptoms may include:
|Human Papilloma Virus (HPV)||
There are many different types of HPV. In most cases, HPV goes away on its own and does not cause any health problems. But when HPV does not go away, some types can cause health problems including genital warts and cancers.
Syphilis is caused by the bacterium Treponema pallidum. It can cause long-term complications if not adequately treated.Syphilis is transmitted from person to person by direct contact with a syphilitic sore, known as a chancre. Chancres occur mainly on the external genitals, vagina, anus, or in the rectum but can also occur on the lips and in the mouth. Transmission of syphilis occurs during vaginal, anal, or oral sex. Pregnant women with the disease can transmit it to their unborn child.
If the condition is not yet treated, it moves to the secondary stage with symptoms below:
More serious complications associated with later stage of the disease if undetected and untreated. Symptoms may related to damage to internal organs such as the brain, spinal cord, nerves and other organs.
Trichomoniasis (or “trich”) is a very common sexually transmitted disease (STD) that is caused by infection with a protozoan parasite called Trichomonasvaginalis.
It should be mentioned that in our unit, for the safety of the patients and the staff, all patients are tested for STDs prior any fertility treatment. Testing (or screening) for STD can involve:
The treatment options depend on the type of Sexually Transmitted Disease. For some STD, treatment may involve taking oral medication, topical medication or both. For other STD that cannot be cured, like herpes, treatment can relieve the symptoms.
To seek a consultation with an IVI expert:
Call us at +971 2 666 7049 || Email at [email protected]